Which countries in Europe are open to Americans?

We’re all eager to resume international travel but where in Europe can I travel if I’m fully vaccinated (and what are the restrictions if I’m not)? Each country defines its own entry rules but this alphabetical list will give you a clear overview when picking your next destination!


Americans over 6 years old either need proof of full vaccination, a negative test result from a Covid-19 test (taken within 72 hours) or from a rapid test or a recovery certificate. More info here.


Austria requires a certificate of vaccination, a certificate of recovery or a negative result from a PCR-test (taken in the 72 hours before arrival). If you can’t provide any of these, then you can get tested at the airport ($40) and quarantine until the results get in. More info here.


No pre-travel test is needed when traveling to Belgium but you have to show proof of full vaccination. All passengers must complete the Passenger Locator Form within 48 prior to arrival. More info here.


Vaccinated US citizens can travel to Croatia as long as you can provide proof of paid accommodation. If not (fully) vaccinated, you can also enter with a negative PCR-test taken within 72 hours or with a negative rapid antigen test taken in the previous 48 hours. More info here.


International travellers as of 12 years old need to present either proof of vaccination or a negative PCR-test result taken within 72 hours and another test upon landing (at your own expense). More info here.

Czech Republic

US residents travelling to the Czech Republic need a vaccination certificate or a negative test result (PCR-test taken 72 hours or rapid test taken 48 hours before departure of your flight). More info here.


Denmark only allows travellers from the US if they’re fully vaccinated. Unvaccinated travellers may only enter the country under strict conditions, like if you’re studying or working in Denmark. Note that unvaccinated teenagers ages 16 and 17 who are traveling with their vaccinated parents, must present a negative PCR-test result. More info here.


Only vaccinated US travellers and those who recovered from Covid-19, can enter Estonia for tourism purposes. More info here.


Only vaccinated travellers can enter the country. Unvaccinated US citizens are not allowed to enter Finland for tourism purposes. More info here.


On September 12 France has changed its entry rules for US residents. Vaccinated travellers can still entry the country (same rules apply to children under 17 who are accompanied by a vaccinated adult) without further requirements.

Unvaccinated US residents will need to present a negative Covid-19 test (either PCR-test taken within 72 hours before departure or a rapid test conducted within 48 hours prior to departure), perform another test upon arrival, self-isolate for 7 days upon arrival followed by another test at the end of the self-isolation period. More info here.

Note that a French health pass is required to enter bars, restaurants, museums, cultural sites and nightclubs. You can apply for a health pass prior to departure.


Only vaccinated Americans with an essential travel reason can enter Germany (applicable as of 12 years old). You must register prior to arrival here. More info here.


Greece has been one of the first countries to allow vaccinated US travellers to enter. By presenting a vaccination certificate you do not have to quarantine. Unvaccinated travellers age 12 and over must provide a negative test result (a PCR-test taken 72 hours or a rapid test taken 48 hours before entry). All travellers also must complete the passenger locator form. More info here.


US vaccinated citizens are allowed to enter Hungary by air with a negative COVID test taken within 72 hours. These restrictions do not apply for entry by rail or road. More info here.


Iceland has been allowing vaccinated US citizens since April 2021. However, in July 2021 the entry rules have slightly changed and now a negative PCR-test is also required. If you’re not vaccinated you’ll need to undergo two PCR-tests within a 5-day quarantine period. Children born 2005 or later are exempt from testing. More info here.


Fully vaccinated US travellers and those who recovered from Covid are exempt from quarantine and testing when entering Ireland. Unvaccinated travellers will be required to present a negative Covid-19 test taken within 72 hours, quarantine for 14 days upon arrival and undergo post-arrival testing. More info here.


Italy has opened its borders to vaccinated US travellers but proof of a negative PCR-test taken within 72 hours of arrival is still required. If not fully vaccinated, you’ll need to quarantine upon arrival for 5 days and take a test on the last day of quarantine. Children under 6 years old are exempt from testing. More info here.


US citizens need to provide either a vaccination certificate, proof of recovery or a negative test performed less than 72 hours prior to the flight (or less than 48 hours for an antigen test). More info here.


If fully vaccinated you can travel to Malta. Cards issued by the C.D.C. have to be verified through the VeriFLY app. Unvaccinated travellers are subject to a 14-day quarantine in a hotel selected by the government. More info here.

The Netherlands

Only vaccinated US tourists are allowed to enter the Netherlands and a negative PCR or antigen test is required before departure. Additionally, all US citizens – even if vaccinated – are subject to a 10-day quarantine which can be shortened to 5 days providing a negative test. More info here.


All tourists can travel to Portugal providing a negative PCR-test taken within 72 hours before boarding the plane or 42 hours in case of a rapid antigen test. More info here.


All vaccinated US travellers can enter Spain without testing but you’ll need to show a QR code which is generated through the Spain Travel Health platform. More info here.


Since September 6 the USA is no longer on Sweden’s safe list and access to all US residents will be denied. More info here.


Switzerland allows vaccinated travellers and those who have recovered from Covid-19 in the past 6 months to enter without further testing. All others must present a negative test. Children 16 and younger, if accompanied by an adult who falls under one of the previous conditions, are exempt from testing. Note that the online travel form has to be completed prior to departure. More info here.

The United Kingdom

All vaccinated US travellers entering the UK must present a negative test taken within 72 hours of arrival and perform another test before or on day 2 of arrival. Note that all visitors also have to complete the online passenger locator form. Unvaccinated visitors are subject to a 10-day quarantine. More info here.

Hi! I’m Sofie, a personal travel planner Iiving in Oslo and I create tailor-made itineraries. Travel nowadays requires some initial planning and I get that it can be confusing to get through the maze of entry requirements. That’s why I’m here: as your personal travel agent, I’ll give you the specific entry rules per country and/or research which destination is the perfect fit for you! You can contact me for assistance – no compromise – and I’ll be happy to help you 🙂

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